Project Portfolio

If you have not submitted the necessary points of content before the Block 1 exam week or the portfolio submission course?


you would like to or need to improve your final portfolio grade?

Then you will write an in-depth, academic essay-style post as a retake.

Content and Form

You will pick one of the lecture themes to write about and make a substantial addition to it in the form of an essay with a clear inquiry-led introduction, context and overview (including referencing), your own intervention that is an example, insight- and/or data-driven, and conclusion that synthesizes your argument in such a way that a clear take-away message or insight has been shared with your reader.

Referencing & Additional Sources of Information

Absolutely! The same rules apply to blogs: URLs are an accepted way of referencing.

Furthermore, you will add substantially to the literature and information for the theme as it was supplied in the course. At least one of these additions is of a source that is academic in nature.


Yes. Still, this is not a short-form blog but a long-read online essay. Keep it to relevant, argument-supporting images: i.e. no multimedia for ‘decorative purposes’


The length of the essay depends on the following:

Block 1 (cut off date Tuesday 31-10)

  • 3 content points missing: 2000 words essay
  • 4 or 5 points of content missing: 4000 words essay

Block 2 (at portfolio submission date)

  • 1-3 content points missing or final portfolio grade of 4.5+: 2000 words essay
  • 4 or 5 points of content missing or portfolio grade between 1 and 4.5: 4000 words essay


Your retake essay should be online on this website by

  • 12 November 2023: for missed content during Block 1.
  • 2 February 2024: for missed content at the end of the course or portfolio re-do.

By that last date, you will also need to have submitted your portfolio via Brightspace.

Retake for other grades?

Did you get a failing grade, or did you not complete your Course Material and/or Presentation parts of your coursework?

In both these cases, you will have the pleasure of an examination in the form of a discussion with the lecturer. These will take place before 2 February 2024, in all likelihood, in the third week of January.

Extenuating Circumstances

Like you, I want you to pass this course. Have there been any challenges (physical, mental, social, or otherwise), that reasonably prevented you from participating fully for the first take or re-take? Please make sure you communicate this to your student support services and ask them to contact us via e-mail.

If you like, you can also contact me separately to fill us in on the situation, but it is not necessary to share personal details with us directly.

Once we have received word about extenuating circumstances from your student support person, we will contact you, and we can work out a course completion plan that will take into account your circumstances as best as possible.

Please note that due to Leiden University exam regulations, all coursework has to be graded by the end of this academic year 2023-2024. You cannot extend this into the next academic year.